Skemerkelkresepte, spiritualieë en plaaslike kroeë

Donut Plant and Chase bevat 'Inception-style' doughnut in 'The Ripple Effect' veldtog

Donut Plant and Chase bevat 'Inception-style' doughnut in 'The Ripple Effect' veldtog



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Isreal kon The Ripple skep deur punte van sy Chase Ink -onderneming se voorkeurkaart te gebruik

Isreal het sy fiets as inspirasie gebruik om The Ripple te skep.

In 2016, gebaseer in New York Donut Plant stel The Ripple bekend-'n drie-laags Instagram-waardige "Oprigting-styl "doughnut, volgens Grubstraat. Hierdie jaar bied 'n nuwe veldtog van Chase for Business die skepper van die doughnut en stigter van die winkel aan, Mark Isreal, en gee 'n uiteensetting van sy reis na die lewering van The Ripple.

Die advertensie -agentskap Droga5 het die veldtog bedoel, wat daarop gemik is om te wys hoe eienaars van klein sakeondernemings voordeel kan trek uit die puntestelsel van Chase om hul drome te verwesenlik soos Isreal gedoen het, Adweek gerapporteer.

'Ek stel nie daarin belang om iets te doen wat voorheen gedoen is nie,' sê Isreal in die advertensie. 'Ek wou hierdie nuwe doughnut maak, maar dit is duur om iets nuuts te maak.'

Deur sy Chase -kaart vir aankope te gebruik, het Isreal ongeveer 80 000 punte gekry om al die materiaal te finansier wat nodig is om The Ripple te skep, insluitend meel, suiker, botter en melk.

Isreal het ook sy punte gebruik om al die toerusting te koop om die gereedskap te ontwerp wat gebruik is om The Ripple te skep.


Afdeling 56 - Etiese koffie

Koffiebone is die binneste saad van die "kersie" van die koffie plant, wat inheems is aan Ethiopië. [1] Koffie is die tweede verhandelbaarste produk ter wêreld, naas ru -olie. Daar is vier hoofsoorte koffie: Arabica (coffea arabica), Robusta (coffea caniphora), Liberica (coffea liberica) en Exelsa (coffea liberica var. Dewervrei).

Arabica is die algemeenste tipe koffie wat in Noord -Amerika verbruik word. Arabica -bone is soet, minder suur as Robusta -bone. Daar word geboer in gebiede met 'n hoë hoogte bo seespieël en waar reën gereeld voorkom. Arabica -plante is delikaat en vatbaar vir siektes, wat dit moeilik maak om in groot hoeveelhede te groei.

Robusta -bone is die gewildste in Europa, die Midde -Ooste en Afrika. Dit is oor die algemeen nie baie gewild nie, want dit kan verbrand of rubberagtig smaak. Maar Robusta -koffie is makliker om te kweek en bevat hoër kafeïenvlakke (wat 'n natuurlike insekweerder is). Dit word tipies gebruik in kitskoffie en as vulmiddel in donker gebraai. Daar is 'n paar baie goeie Robusta -koffie, maar hierdie variëteit word gewoonlik as 'n laer kwaliteit beskou.

Liberica en Excelsa is albei relatief skaars koffiebone.

U kan 'n koffieplant in u woonstel kweek, maar moenie verwag dat dit kersies sal produseer nie. Koffieplante is bome wat eers na 4-7 jaar se sorgvuldige verbouing volwasse oeste lewer. [2]

Daar is baie verskillende koffiestyle (soos drup, gooi, koue brou, espresso, ristretto). Kapselkoffie is 'n stygende neiging. Meer as 40% van die Amerikaanse huishoudings besit 'n espresso -masjien. Die wêreldwye mark vir koffiepap- en kapselmasjiene sal na verwagting teen 2025 verdubbel.

Daar is ook 'n wye verskeidenheid koffiedrankiesoorte (bv. Espresso, americano, cappuccino, platwit, affogato, yskoffie), maar ons sal nie daarby ingaan nie.

Hoe koffie gemaak word

As koffiekers gepluk word, word die boontjies verwyder deur 'n 'droë' of 'nat' proses. Die droë proses behels dat die boontjies in die son laat droog word en dan deur 'n slypmasjien loop. In die nat proses gebruik jy water om die vrugte van die saad af te was. Die "groen" koffiebone word dan "skoongemaak" (geïnspekteer en gesorteer) en dan gebraai.

'N (Kort) geskiedenis van koffie

Vierhonderd jaar gelede was koffie 'n 'geheimsinnige Ottomaanse gewoonte' wat slegs in Jemen kommersieel verbou is. [3] Nou is dit 'n 'ongeëwenaarde werkmiddel' en 'n alomteenwoordige daaglikse noodsaaklikheid. [4] Dit is ook 'n kontantoes wat meer as 25 miljoen mense in meer as 70 lande produseer. [5]

Die woord koffie kom van die Arabiese "qahwah", wat wyn beteken: koffie is die wyn van Islam. [6] Vroeë koffieverbouing het in die sestiende eeu op die heuwels van Jemen plaasgevind. [7] Die Ottomaanse ryk het 'n koffiehuis opgerig as een van die eerste aksies nadat hy 'n nuwe stad verower het, om die beleefdheid van hul heerskappy aan te toon. [8]

Koffie het in die sewentiende eeu 'n Europese luukse geword namate die Europeërs die tradisie van besoeke aan die Midde -Ooste teruggebring het. Koffie was veral gewild in Engeland. Die eerste koffiehuis in Londen is in die vroeë 1650's gestig, maar teen die begin van die 18de eeu was daar 'n paar honderd koffiehuise. [9]

Britse handelaars het meer sukses gehad met die verhandeling van tee as koffie, en dit is een van die redes waarom Engeland vandag meer verband hou met tee as koffie. [10]

Arabiese handelaars in Jemen het koffieproduksie gemonopoliseer tot 1699, toe die Nederlanders koffie suksesvol op Java bekendgestel het. [11] Daarna het koffie oor die hele wêreld versprei deur paaie van ryk en slawerny. [12] Na die Nederlanders het die Franse koloniale administrateurs koffie na Afrika geneem. Toe stel die Nederlanders koffie aan Suriname voor. Toe smokkel 'n Portugese amptenaar koffie van Frans -Guyana na Brasilië. Die Britte begin koffie verbou in Jamaika en die Spaanse vestig koffie in Kuba. Teen die einde van die 18de eeu was koffie feitlik oral in die Amerikas. [13]

Die Koffiebedryf

Die totale waarde van die wêreldwye koffiebedryf was $ 465,9 miljard in 2020 (dit was 'n groot sprong vanaf 2019). 10,21 miljoen sakke koffie is in 2020 uitgevoer.

Mense regoor die wêreld drink koffie, maar die Aussies is moontlik die mees toegewyde mark. Alhoewel die Amerikaanse bevolking 12x die Australiese bevolking is, is die Australiese koffiemark ($ 7,8 miljard) meer as die helfte soveel as die Amerikaanse koffiemark ($ 14 miljard).

Die wêreld se grootste koffie -uitvoerders sluit in: Brasilië, Viëtnam, Colombia, Honduras en Indonesië. Kanada se belangrikste koffievoorsienende lande is Brasilië, Peru, Colombia, Nicaragua, Guatemala en Mexiko.

Ongeveer 125 miljoen mense wêreldwyd is afhanklik van koffie vir hul lewensbestaan. Anders as sommige produkte wat op groot plantasies verbou word, vermeerder klein koffieplase: kleinboere produseer 80% van die wêreld se koffie.

Soos ander landbouprodukte, ontvang plaaswerkers baie min van die toegevoegde waarde uit koffie. Koffieboere verdien gewoonlik slegs 7-10% van die kleinhandelsprys van koffie. Die res gaan handelaars, roosters en kleinhandelaars stroomaf.

Dit het deels te doen met die konsentrasie van koffie koop en verwerking. Drie koffiekopers beheer die helfte van die wêreldwye koffiehandel (ECOM, Neumann en Volcafe). En 40% van die koffie word verwerk deur die tien grootste koffiebranders, waaronder Nestlé en Jacobs Douwe Egbers (JDE).

Daar is 'n belangstelling om die koffiebedryf regverdig te maak. Verbruikersnavorsing het bevind dat 53% van die Amerikaanse koffiedrinkers etiese koffie wil koop en bereid is om $ 1,31 ekstra te betaal vir 'n koppie koffie wat deur 'n koöperatiewe boer vervaardig word.


Afdeling 56 - Etiese koffie

Koffiebone is die binneste saad van die "kersie" van die koffie plant, wat inheems is aan Ethiopië. [1] Koffie is die tweede verhandelbaarste produk ter wêreld, naas ru -olie. Daar is vier hoofsoorte koffie: Arabica (coffea arabica), Robusta (coffea caniphora), Liberica (coffea liberica) en Exelsa (coffea liberica var. Dewervrei).

Arabica is die algemeenste koffie wat in Noord -Amerika verbruik word. Arabica -bone is soet, minder suur as Robusta -bone. Daar word geboer in gebiede met 'n hoë hoogte bo seespieël en waar reën gereeld voorkom. Arabica -plante is delikaat en vatbaar vir siektes, wat dit moeilik maak om in groot hoeveelhede te groei.

Robusta -bone is die gewildste in Europa, die Midde -Ooste en Afrika. Dit is oor die algemeen nie baie gewild nie, want dit kan verbrand of rubberagtig smaak. Maar Robusta -koffie is makliker om te kweek en bevat hoër kafeïenvlakke (wat 'n natuurlike insekweerder is). Dit word tipies gebruik in kitskoffie en as vulmiddel in donker gebraai. Daar is baie goeie Robusta -koffie, maar hierdie variëteit word gewoonlik as 'n laer kwaliteit beskou.

Liberica en Excelsa is albei relatief skaars koffiebone.

U kan 'n koffieplant in u woonstel kweek, maar moenie verwag dat dit kersies sal produseer nie. Koffieplante is bome wat eers na 4-7 jaar se sorgvuldige verbouing volwasse oeste lewer. [2]

Daar is baie verskillende koffiestyle (soos drup, gooi, koue brou, espresso, ristretto). Kapselkoffie is 'n stygende neiging. Meer as 40% van die Amerikaanse huishoudings besit 'n espresso -masjien. Die wêreldwye mark vir koffiepap- en kapselmasjiene sal na verwagting teen 2025 verdubbel.

Daar is ook 'n wye verskeidenheid koffiedrankiesoorte (bv. Espresso, americano, cappuccino, platwit, affogato, yskoffie), maar ons sal nie daarby ingaan nie.

Hoe koffie gemaak word

As koffiekers gepluk word, word die boontjies verwyder deur 'n 'droë' of 'nat' proses. Die droë proses behels dat die boontjies in die son laat droog word en dan deur 'n slypmasjien loop. In die nat proses gebruik jy water om die vrugte van die saad af te was. Die "groen" koffiebone word dan "skoongemaak" (geïnspekteer en gesorteer) en dan gebraai.

'N (Kort) geskiedenis van koffie

Vierhonderd jaar gelede was koffie 'n 'geheimsinnige Ottomaanse gewoonte' wat slegs in Jemen kommersieel verbou is. [3] Nou is dit 'n 'ongeëwenaarde werkmiddel' en 'n alomteenwoordige daaglikse noodsaaklikheid. [4] Dit is ook 'n kontantoes wat meer as 25 miljoen mense in meer as 70 lande produseer. [5]

Die woord koffie kom van die Arabiese "qahwah", wat wyn beteken: koffie is die wyn van Islam. [6] Vroeë koffieverbouing het in die sestiende eeu op die heuwels van Jemen plaasgevind. [7] Die Ottomaanse ryk het 'n koffiehuis opgerig as een van die eerste aksies nadat hy 'n nuwe stad verower het, om die beleefdheid van hul heerskappy aan te toon. [8]

Koffie het in die sewentiende eeu 'n Europese luukse geword namate die Europeërs die tradisie van besoeke aan die Midde -Ooste teruggebring het. Koffie was veral gewild in Engeland. Die eerste koffiehuis in Londen is in die vroeë 1650's gestig, maar teen die begin van die 18de eeu was daar 'n paar honderd koffiehuise. [9]

Britse handelaars het meer sukses gehad met die verhandeling van tee as koffie, en dit is een van die redes waarom Engeland vandag meer verband hou met tee as koffie. [10]

Arabiese handelaars in Jemen het koffieproduksie gemonopoliseer tot 1699, toe die Nederlanders koffie suksesvol op Java bekendgestel het. [11] Daarna het koffie oor die hele wêreld versprei deur paaie van ryk en slawerny. [12] Na die Nederlanders het die Franse koloniale administrateurs koffie na Afrika geneem. Toe stel die Nederlanders koffie aan Suriname voor. Toe smokkel 'n Portugese amptenaar koffie van Frans -Guyana na Brasilië. Die Britte begin koffie verbou in Jamaika en die Spaanse vestig koffie in Kuba. Teen die einde van die 18de eeu was koffie feitlik oral in die Amerikas. [13]

Die Koffiebedryf

Die totale waarde van die wêreldwye koffiebedryf was $ 465,9 miljard in 2020 (dit was 'n groot sprong vanaf 2019). 10,21 miljoen sakke koffie is in 2020 uitgevoer.

Mense regoor die wêreld drink koffie, maar die Aussies is moontlik die mees toegewyde mark. Alhoewel die Amerikaanse bevolking 12x die Australiese bevolking is, is die Australiese koffiemark ($ 7,8 miljard) meer as die helfte soveel as die Amerikaanse koffiemark ($ 14 miljard).

Die wêreld se grootste koffie -uitvoerders sluit in: Brasilië, Viëtnam, Colombia, Honduras en Indonesië. Kanada se belangrikste koffievoorsienende lande is Brasilië, Peru, Colombia, Nicaragua, Guatemala en Mexiko.

Ongeveer 125 miljoen mense wêreldwyd is afhanklik van koffie vir hul lewensbestaan. Anders as sommige produkte wat op groot plantasies verbou word, vermeerder klein koffieplase: kleinboere produseer 80% van die wêreld se koffie.

Soos ander landbouprodukte, ontvang plaaswerkers baie min van die toegevoegde waarde uit koffie. Koffieboere verdien gewoonlik slegs 7-10% van die kleinhandelsprys van koffie. Die res gaan handelaars, roosters en kleinhandelaars stroomaf.

Dit het deels te doen met die konsentrasie van koffie koop en verwerking. Drie koffiekopers beheer die helfte van die wêreldwye koffiehandel (ECOM, Neumann en Volcafe). En 40% van die koffie word verwerk deur die tien grootste koffiebranders, waaronder Nestlé en Jacobs Douwe Egbers (JDE).

Daar is 'n belangstelling om die koffiebedryf regverdig te maak. Verbruikersnavorsing het bevind dat 53% van die Amerikaanse koffiedrinkers etiese koffie wil koop en bereid is om $ 1,31 ekstra te betaal vir 'n koppie koffie wat deur 'n koöperatiewe boer vervaardig word.


Afdeling 56 - Etiese koffie

Koffiebone is die binneste saad van die "kersie" van die koffie plant, wat inheems is aan Ethiopië. [1] Koffie is die tweede verhandelbaarste produk ter wêreld, naas ru -olie. Daar is vier hoofsoorte koffie: Arabica (coffea arabica), Robusta (coffea caniphora), Liberica (coffea liberica) en Exelsa (coffea liberica var. Dewervrei).

Arabica is die algemeenste tipe koffie wat in Noord -Amerika verbruik word. Arabica -bone is soet, minder suur as Robusta -bone. Daar word geboer in gebiede met 'n hoë hoogte bo seespieël en waar reën gereeld voorkom. Arabica -plante is delikaat en vatbaar vir siektes, wat dit moeilik maak om in groot hoeveelhede te groei.

Robusta -bone is die gewildste in Europa, die Midde -Ooste en Afrika. Dit is oor die algemeen nie baie gewild nie, want dit kan verbrand of rubberagtig smaak. Maar Robusta -koffie is makliker om te kweek en bevat hoër kafeïenvlakke (wat dien as 'n natuurlike insekweerder). Dit word tipies gebruik in kitskoffie en as vulmiddel in donker gebraai. Daar is 'n paar baie goeie Robusta -koffie, maar hierdie variëteit word gewoonlik as 'n laer kwaliteit beskou.

Liberica en Excelsa is albei relatief skaars koffiebone.

U kan 'n koffieplant in u woonstel kweek, maar moenie verwag dat dit kersies sal produseer nie. Koffieplante is bome wat eers na 4-7 jaar se sorgvuldige verbouing volwasse oeste lewer. [2]

Daar is baie verskillende koffiestyle (byvoorbeeld drup, gooi oor, koue brou, espresso, ristretto). Kapselkoffie is 'n stygende neiging. Meer as 40% van die Amerikaanse huishoudings besit 'n espresso -masjien. Die wêreldwye mark vir koffiepap- en kapselmasjiene sal na verwagting teen 2025 verdubbel.

Daar is ook 'n wye verskeidenheid soorte koffiedrankies (bv. Espresso, americano, cappuccino, platwit, affogato, yskoffie), maar ons sal nie daarby ingaan nie.

Hoe koffie gemaak word

As koffiekers gepluk word, word die boontjies verwyder deur 'n 'droë' of 'nat' proses. Die droë proses behels dat die boontjies in die son laat droog word en dan deur 'n slypmasjien loop. In die nat proses gebruik jy water om die vrugte van die saad af te was. Die "groen" koffiebone word dan "skoongemaak" (geïnspekteer en gesorteer) en dan gebraai.

'N (Kort) geskiedenis van koffie

Vierhonderd jaar gelede was koffie 'n 'geheimsinnige Ottomaanse gewoonte' wat slegs in Jemen kommersieel verbou is. [3] Nou is dit 'n 'ongeëwenaarde werkmiddel' en 'n alomteenwoordige daaglikse noodsaaklikheid. [4] Dit is ook 'n kontantoes wat meer as 25 miljoen mense in meer as 70 lande produseer. [5]

Die woord koffie kom van die Arabiese "qahwah", wat wyn beteken: koffie is die wyn van Islam. [6] Vroeë koffieverbouing het in die sestiende eeu op die heuwels van Jemen plaasgevind. [7] Die Ottomaanse ryk het 'n koffiehuis opgerig as een van die eerste aksies nadat hy 'n nuwe stad verower het, om die beleefdheid van hul heerskappy aan te toon. [8]

Koffie het in die sewentiende eeu 'n Europese luukse geword namate die Europeërs die tradisie van besoeke aan die Midde -Ooste teruggebring het. Koffie was veral gewild in Engeland. Die eerste koffiehuis in Londen is in die vroeë 1650's gestig, maar teen die begin van die 18de eeu was daar 'n paar honderd koffiehuise. [9]

Britse handelaars het meer sukses gehad met die verhandeling van tee as koffie, en dit is een van die redes waarom Engeland vandag meer verband hou met tee as koffie. [10]

Arabiese handelaars in Jemen het koffieproduksie gemonopoliseer tot 1699, toe die Nederlanders koffie suksesvol op Java bekendgestel het. [11] Daarna het koffie oor die hele wêreld versprei deur paaie van ryk en slawerny. [12] Na die Nederlanders het die Franse koloniale administrateurs koffie na Afrika geneem. Toe stel die Nederlanders koffie aan Suriname voor. Toe smokkel 'n Portugese amptenaar koffie van Frans -Guyana na Brasilië. Die Britte begin koffie verbou in Jamaika en die Spaanse vestig koffie in Kuba. Teen die einde van die 18de eeu was koffie feitlik oral in die Amerikas. [13]

Die Koffiebedryf

Die totale waarde van die wêreldwye koffiebedryf was $ 465,9 miljard in 2020 (dit was 'n groot sprong vanaf 2019). 10,21 miljoen sakke koffie is in 2020 uitgevoer.

Mense regoor die wêreld drink koffie, maar die Aussies is moontlik die mees toegewyde mark. Alhoewel die Amerikaanse bevolking 12x die Australiese bevolking is, is die Australiese koffiemark ($ 7,8 miljard) meer as die helfte soveel as die Amerikaanse koffiemark ($ 14 miljard).

Die wêreld se grootste koffie -uitvoerders sluit in: Brasilië, Viëtnam, Colombia, Honduras en Indonesië. Kanada se belangrikste koffievoorsienende lande is Brasilië, Peru, Colombia, Nicaragua, Guatemala en Mexiko.

Ongeveer 125 miljoen mense wêreldwyd is afhanklik van koffie vir hul lewensbestaan. Anders as sommige produkte wat op groot plantasies verbou word, vermeerder klein koffieplase: kleinboere produseer 80% van die wêreld se koffie.

Soos ander landbouprodukte, ontvang plaaswerkers baie min van die toegevoegde waarde uit koffie. Koffieboere verdien gewoonlik slegs 7-10% van die kleinhandelsprys van koffie. Die res gaan handelaars, roosters en kleinhandelaars stroomaf.

Dit het deels te doen met die konsentrasie van koffie koop en verwerking. Drie koffiekopers beheer die helfte van die wêreldwye koffiehandel (ECOM, Neumann en Volcafe). En 40% van die koffie word verwerk deur die tien grootste koffiebranders, waaronder Nestlé en Jacobs Douwe Egbers (JDE).

Daar is 'n belangstelling om die koffiebedryf regverdig te maak. Verbruikersnavorsing het bevind dat 53% van die Amerikaanse koffiedrinkers etiese koffie wil koop en bereid is om $ 1,31 ekstra te betaal vir 'n koppie koffie wat deur 'n koöperatiewe boer vervaardig word.


Aflevering 56 - Etiese koffie

Koffiebone is die binneste saad van die "kersie" van die koffie plant, wat inheems is aan Ethiopië. [1] Koffie is die tweede verhandelbaarste produk ter wêreld, naas ru -olie. Daar is vier hoofsoorte koffie: Arabica (coffea arabica), Robusta (coffea caniphora), Liberica (coffea liberica) en Exelsa (coffea liberica var. Dewervrei).

Arabica is die algemeenste koffie wat in Noord -Amerika verbruik word. Arabica -bone is soet, minder suur as Robusta -bone. Daar word geboer in gebiede met 'n hoë hoogte bo seespieël en waar reën gereeld voorkom. Arabica -plante is delikaat en vatbaar vir siektes, wat dit moeilik maak om in groot hoeveelhede te groei.

Robusta -bone is die gewildste in Europa, die Midde -Ooste en Afrika. Dit is oor die algemeen nie baie gewild nie, want dit kan verbrand of rubberagtig smaak. Maar Robusta -koffie is makliker om te kweek en bevat hoër kafeïenvlakke (wat 'n natuurlike insekweerder is). Dit word tipies gebruik in kitskoffie en as vulmiddel in donker gebraai. Daar is 'n paar baie goeie Robusta -koffie, maar hierdie variëteit word gewoonlik as 'n laer kwaliteit beskou.

Liberica en Excelsa is albei relatief skaars koffiebone.

U kan 'n koffieplant in u woonstel kweek, maar moenie verwag dat dit koffiekers sal produseer nie. Koffieplante is bome wat eers na 4-7 jaar se sorgvuldige verbouing volwasse oeste lewer. [2]

Daar is baie verskillende koffiebrou -style (bv. Drup, giet oor, koue brou, espresso, ristretto). Kapselkoffie is 'n stygende neiging. Meer as 40% van die Amerikaanse huishoudings besit 'n espresso -masjien. Die wêreldwye mark vir koffiepap- en kapselmasjiene sal na verwagting teen 2025 verdubbel.

Daar is ook 'n wye verskeidenheid soorte koffiedrankies (bv. Espresso, americano, cappuccino, platwit, affogato, yskoffie), maar ons sal nie daarby ingaan nie.

Hoe koffie gemaak word

As koffiekers gepluk word, word die boontjies verwyder deur 'n 'droë' of 'nat' proses. Die droë proses behels dat die boontjies in die son laat droog word en dan deur 'n slypmasjien loop. In die nat proses gebruik jy water om die vrugte van die saad af te was. Die "groen" koffiebone word dan "skoongemaak" (geïnspekteer en gesorteer) en dan gebraai.

'N (Kort) geskiedenis van koffie

Vierhonderd jaar gelede was koffie 'n 'geheimsinnige Ottomaanse gewoonte' wat slegs in Jemen kommersieel verbou is. [3] Nou is dit 'n 'ongeëwenaarde werkmiddel' en 'n alomteenwoordige daaglikse noodsaaklikheid. [4] Dit is ook 'n kontantoes wat meer as 25 miljoen mense in meer as 70 lande produseer. [5]

Die woord koffie kom van die Arabiese "qahwah", wat wyn beteken: koffie is die wyn van Islam. [6] Vroeë koffieverbouing het in die sestiende eeu op die heuwels van Jemen plaasgevind. [7] Die Ottomaanse ryk het 'n koffiehuis opgerig as een van die eerste aksies nadat hy 'n nuwe stad verower het, om die beleefdheid van hul heerskappy aan te toon. [8]

Koffie het in die sewentiende eeu 'n Europese luukse geword namate die Europeërs die tradisie van besoeke aan die Midde -Ooste teruggebring het. Koffie was veral gewild in Engeland. Die eerste koffiehuis in Londen is in die vroeë 1650's gestig, maar teen die begin van die 18de eeu was daar 'n paar honderd koffiehuise. [9]

Britse handelaars het meer sukses gehad met die verhandeling van tee as koffie, en dit is een van die redes waarom Engeland vandag meer verband hou met tee as koffie. [10]

Arabiese handelaars in Jemen het koffieproduksie gemonopoliseer tot 1699, toe die Nederlanders koffie suksesvol op Java bekendgestel het. [11] Daarna het koffie oor die hele wêreld versprei deur paaie van ryk en slawerny. [12] Na die Nederlanders het die Franse koloniale administrateurs koffie na Afrika geneem. Toe stel die Nederlanders koffie aan Suriname voor. Toe smokkel 'n Portugese amptenaar koffie van Frans -Guyana na Brasilië. Die Britte begin koffie verbou in Jamaika en die Spaanse vestig koffie in Kuba. Teen die einde van die 18de eeu was koffie feitlik oral in die Amerikas. [13]

Die Koffiebedryf

Die totale waarde van die wêreldwye koffiebedryf was $ 465,9 miljard in 2020 (dit was 'n groot sprong vanaf 2019). 10,21 miljoen sakke koffie is in 2020 uitgevoer.

Mense regoor die wêreld drink koffie, maar die Aussies is moontlik die mees toegewyde mark. Alhoewel die Amerikaanse bevolking 12x die Australiese bevolking is, is die Australiese koffiemark ($ 7,8 miljard) meer as die helfte soveel as die Amerikaanse koffiemark ($ 14 miljard).

Die wêreld se grootste koffie -uitvoerders sluit in: Brasilië, Viëtnam, Colombia, Honduras en Indonesië. Kanada se belangrikste koffievoorsienende lande is Brasilië, Peru, Colombia, Nicaragua, Guatemala en Mexiko.

Ongeveer 125 miljoen mense wêreldwyd is afhanklik van koffie vir hul lewensbestaan. Anders as sommige produkte wat op groot plantasies verbou word, vermeerder klein koffieplase: kleinboere produseer 80% van die wêreld se koffie.

Soos ander landbouprodukte, ontvang plaaswerkers baie min van die toegevoegde waarde uit koffie. Koffieboere verdien gewoonlik slegs 7-10% van die kleinhandelsprys van koffie. Die res gaan handelaars, roosters en kleinhandelaars stroomaf.

Dit het deels te doen met die konsentrasie van koffie koop en verwerking. Drie koffiekopers beheer die helfte van die wêreldwye koffiehandel (ECOM, Neumann en Volcafe). En 40% van die koffie word verwerk deur die tien grootste koffiebranders, waaronder Nestlé en Jacobs Douwe Egbers (JDE).

Daar is 'n belangstelling om die koffiebedryf regverdig te maak. Verbruikersnavorsing het bevind dat 53% van die Amerikaanse koffiedrinkers etiese koffie wil koop en bereid is om $ 1,31 ekstra te betaal vir 'n koppie koffie wat deur 'n koöperatiewe boer vervaardig word.


Aflevering 56 - Etiese koffie

Koffiebone is die binneste saad van die "kersie" van die koffie plant, wat inheems is aan Ethiopië. [1] Koffie is die tweede verhandelbaarste produk ter wêreld, naas ru -olie. Daar is vier hoofsoorte koffie: Arabica (coffea arabica), Robusta (coffea caniphora), Liberica (coffea liberica) en Exelsa (coffea liberica var. Dewervrei).

Arabica is die algemeenste koffie wat in Noord -Amerika verbruik word. Arabica -bone is soet, minder suur as Robusta -bone. Daar word geboer in gebiede met 'n hoë hoogte bo seespieël en waar reën gereeld voorkom. Arabica -plante is delikaat en vatbaar vir siektes, wat dit moeilik maak om in groot hoeveelhede te groei.

Robusta -bone is die gewildste in Europa, die Midde -Ooste en Afrika. Dit is oor die algemeen nie baie gewild nie, want dit kan verbrand of rubberagtig smaak. Maar Robusta -koffie is makliker om te kweek en bevat hoër kafeïenvlakke (wat 'n natuurlike insekweerder is). Dit word tipies gebruik in kitskoffie en as vulmiddel in donker gebraai. Daar is baie goeie Robusta -koffie, maar hierdie variëteit word gewoonlik as 'n laer kwaliteit beskou.

Liberica en Excelsa is albei relatief skaars koffiebone.

U kan 'n koffieplant in u woonstel kweek, maar moenie verwag dat dit koffiekers sal produseer nie. Koffieplante is bome wat eers na 4-7 jaar se sorgvuldige verbouing volwasse oeste lewer. [2]

Daar is baie verskillende koffiestyle (soos drup, gooi, koue brou, espresso, ristretto). Kapselkoffie is 'n stygende neiging. Meer as 40% van die Amerikaanse huishoudings besit 'n espresso -masjien. Die wêreldwye mark vir koffiepap- en kapselmasjiene sal na verwagting teen 2025 verdubbel.

Daar is ook 'n wye verskeidenheid soorte koffiedrankies (bv. Espresso, americano, cappuccino, platwit, affogato, yskoffie), maar ons sal nie daarby ingaan nie.

Hoe koffie gemaak word

As koffiekers gepluk word, word die boontjies verwyder deur 'n 'droë' of 'nat' proses. Die droë proses behels dat die boontjies in die son laat droog word en dan deur 'n slypmasjien loop. In die nat proses gebruik jy water om die vrugte van die saad af te was. Die "groen" koffiebone word dan "skoongemaak" (geïnspekteer en gesorteer) en dan gebraai.

'N (Kort) geskiedenis van koffie

Vierhonderd jaar gelede was koffie 'n 'geheimsinnige Ottomaanse gewoonte' wat slegs in Jemen kommersieel verbou is. [3] Nou is dit 'n 'ongeëwenaarde werkmiddel' en 'n alomteenwoordige daaglikse noodsaaklikheid. [4] Dit is ook 'n kontantoes wat meer as 25 miljoen mense in meer as 70 lande produseer. [5]

Die woord koffie kom van die Arabiese "qahwah", wat wyn beteken: koffie is die wyn van Islam. [6] Vroeë koffieverbouing het in die sestiende eeu op die heuwels van Jemen plaasgevind. [7] Die Ottomaanse ryk het 'n koffiehuis opgerig as een van die eerste aksies nadat hy 'n nuwe stad verower het, om die beleefdheid van hul heerskappy aan te toon. [8]

Koffie het in die sewentiende eeu 'n Europese luukse geword namate die Europeërs die tradisie van besoeke aan die Midde -Ooste teruggebring het. Koffie was veral gewild in Engeland. Die eerste koffiehuis in Londen is in die vroeë 1650's gestig, maar teen die begin van die 18de eeu was daar 'n paar honderd koffiehuise. [9]

Britse handelaars het meer sukses gehad met die verhandeling van tee as koffie, en dit is een van die redes waarom Engeland vandag meer verband hou met tee as koffie. [10]

Arabiese handelaars in Jemen het koffieproduksie gemonopoliseer tot 1699, toe die Nederlanders koffie suksesvol op Java bekendgestel het. [11] Daarna het koffie oor die hele wêreld versprei deur paaie van ryk en slawerny. [12] Na die Nederlanders het die Franse koloniale administrateurs koffie na Afrika geneem. Toe stel die Nederlanders koffie aan Suriname voor. Toe smokkel 'n Portugese amptenaar koffie van Frans -Guyana na Brasilië. Die Britte begin koffie verbou in Jamaika en die Spaanse vestig koffie in Kuba. Teen die einde van die 18de eeu was koffie feitlik oral in die Amerikas. [13]

Die Koffiebedryf

Die totale waarde van die wêreldwye koffiebedryf was $ 465,9 miljard in 2020 (dit was 'n groot sprong vanaf 2019). 10,21 miljoen sakke koffie is in 2020 uitgevoer.

Mense regoor die wêreld drink koffie, maar die Aussies is moontlik die mees toegewyde mark. Alhoewel die Amerikaanse bevolking 12x die Australiese bevolking is, is die Australiese koffiemark ($ 7,8 miljard) meer as die helfte soveel as die Amerikaanse koffiemark ($ 14 miljard).

Die wêreld se grootste koffie -uitvoerders sluit in: Brasilië, Viëtnam, Colombia, Honduras en Indonesië. Kanada se belangrikste koffievoorsienende lande is Brasilië, Peru, Colombia, Nicaragua, Guatemala en Mexiko.

Ongeveer 125 miljoen mense wêreldwyd is afhanklik van koffie vir hul lewensbestaan. Anders as sommige produkte wat op groot plantasies verbou word, vermeerder klein koffieplase: kleinboere produseer 80% van die wêreld se koffie.

Soos ander landbouprodukte, ontvang plaaswerkers baie min van die toegevoegde waarde uit koffie. Koffieboere verdien gewoonlik slegs 7-10% van die kleinhandelsprys van koffie. Die res gaan handelaars, roosters en kleinhandelaars stroomaf.

Dit het deels te doen met die konsentrasie van koffie koop en verwerking. Drie koffiekopers beheer die helfte van die wêreldwye koffiehandel (ECOM, Neumann en Volcafe). En 40% van die koffie word verwerk deur die tien grootste koffiebranders, waaronder Nestlé en Jacobs Douwe Egbers (JDE).

Daar is 'n belangstelling om die koffiebedryf regverdig te maak. Verbruikersnavorsing het bevind dat 53% van die Amerikaanse koffiedrinkers etiese koffie wil koop en bereid is om $ 1,31 ekstra te betaal vir 'n koppie koffie wat deur 'n koöperatiewe boer vervaardig word.


Afdeling 56 - Etiese koffie

Koffiebone is die binneste saad van die "kersie" van die koffie plant, wat inheems is aan Ethiopië. [1] Koffie is die tweede verhandelbaarste produk ter wêreld, naas ru -olie. Daar is vier hoofsoorte koffie: Arabica (coffea arabica), Robusta (coffea caniphora), Liberica (coffea liberica) en Exelsa (coffea liberica var. Dewervrei).

Arabica is die algemeenste tipe koffie wat in Noord -Amerika verbruik word. Arabica -bone is soet, minder suur as Robusta -bone. Daar word geboer in gebiede met 'n hoë hoogte bo seespieël en waar reën gereeld voorkom. Arabica -plante is delikaat en vatbaar vir siektes, wat dit moeilik maak om in groot hoeveelhede te groei.

Robusta -bone is die gewildste in Europa, die Midde -Ooste en Afrika. Dit is oor die algemeen nie baie gewild nie, want dit kan verbrand of rubberagtig smaak. Maar Robusta -koffie is makliker om te kweek en bevat hoër kafeïenvlakke (wat dien as 'n natuurlike insekweerder). Dit word tipies gebruik in kitskoffie en as vulmiddel in donker gebraai. Daar is baie goeie Robusta -koffie, maar hierdie variëteit word gewoonlik as 'n laer kwaliteit beskou.

Liberica en Excelsa is albei relatief skaars koffiebone.

U kan 'n koffieplant in u woonstel kweek, maar moenie verwag dat dit kersies sal produseer nie. Koffieplante is bome wat eers na 4-7 jaar se sorgvuldige verbouing volwasse oeste lewer. [2]

Daar is baie verskillende koffiestyle (soos drup, gooi, koue brou, espresso, ristretto). Kapselkoffie is 'n stygende neiging. Meer as 40% van die Amerikaanse huishoudings besit 'n espresso -masjien. Die wêreldwye mark vir koffiepap- en kapselmasjiene sal na verwagting teen 2025 verdubbel.

Daar is ook 'n wye verskeidenheid soorte koffiedrankies (bv. Espresso, americano, cappuccino, platwit, affogato, yskoffie), maar ons sal nie daarby ingaan nie.

Hoe koffie gemaak word

When coffee cherries are picked, the beans are removed either through a “dry” or “wet” process. The dry process involves leaving the beans in the sun to dry and then running them through a grinder. In the wet process, you use water to wash the fruit away from the seed. The “green” coffee beans are then “cleaned” (inspected and sorted) and then roasted.

A (Brief) History of Coffee

Four hundred years ago, coffee was a “mysterious Ottoman custom” cultivated commercially only in Yemen.[3] Now it is an “unrivalled work drug” and a ubiquitous daily necessity.[4] It is also a cash crop produced by more than 25 million people in over 70 countries.[5]

The word coffee derives from the Arabic “qahwah”, meaning wine: coffee is the wine of Islam.[6] Early coffee cultivation took place in the sixteenth century on the hillsides of Yemen.[7] The Ottoman empire set up a coffeehouse as one of its first actions after conquering a new city, to demonstrate the civility of their rule.[8]

Coffee became a European luxury in the seventeenth century as Europeans brought the tradition back from visits in the Middle East. Coffee was especially popular in England. The first coffeehouse in London was established in the early 1650s, but by the turn of the 18th century there were several hundred coffeehouses there.[9]

British traders had more success trading for tea than coffee, which is one reason that England is today associated more with tea than coffee.[10]

Arab traders in Yemen monopolized coffee production until 1699, when the Dutch successfully introduced coffee to Java.[11]After that, coffee spread around the world through pathways of empire and slavery.[12] After the Dutch, the French colonial administrators took coffee to Africa. Then the Dutch introduced coffee to Suriname. Then a Portuguese official smuggled coffee from French Guiana to Brazil. The British began cultivating coffee in Jamaica and the Spanish established coffee in Cuba. By the end of the 18th century coffee was virtually everywhere in the Americas.[13]

The Coffee Industry

The total value of the global coffee industry was $465.9 billion in 2020 (this was a huge jump from 2019). 10.21 million bags of coffee were exported in 2020.

People around the world drink coffee, but the Aussies may be the most committed market. Even though the U.S. population is 12x the Australian population, the Australian coffee market ($7.8 billion) is more than half as much as the U.S. coffee market ($14 billion).

The world’s top coffee exporters include: Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia, Honduras, and Indonesia. Canada’s top coffee supplying countries are Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Nicaragua, Guatemala, and Mexico.

Around 125 million people globally depend on coffee for their livelihoods. Unlike some commodities, which are grown on large plantations, small coffee farms proliferate: smallholder farmers produce 80% of the world’s coffee.

Like other agricultural commodities, farmworkers receive very little of the value added from coffee. Coffee farmers typically earn only 7-10% of the retail price of coffee. The rest goes to traders, roasters, and retailers downstream.

In part, this has to do with the concentration of coffee buying and processing. Three coffee buyers control half of the global coffee trade (ECOM, Neumann and Volcafe). And 40% of coffee is processed by the ten largest coffee roasters, including Nestlé and Jacobs Douwe Egbers (JDE).

There is an interest in making the coffee industry fairer. Consumer research has found that 53% of U.S. coffee drinkers want to buy ethical coffee and are willing to pay $1.31 extra for a cup of coffee produced by a cooperative farmer.


Episode 56 - Ethical Coffee

Coffee beans are the inner seed from the “cherry” of the coffea plant, which is native to Ethiopia.[1] Coffee is the world’s second most tradable commodity, after crude oil. There are four primary types of coffee: Arabica (coffea arabica), Robusta (coffea caniphora), Liberica (coffea liberica), and Exelsa (coffea liberica var. dewervrei).

Arabica is the most common type of coffee consumed in North America. Arabica beans are sweet less acidic in flavour than Robusta beans. They are farmed in areas with high elevations above sea level and where rain is prevalent. Arabica plants are delicate and prone to disease, which makes it challenging to grow in large quantities.

Robusta beans are most popular in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. It is not generally very popular because it can taste burnt or rubbery. But Robusta coffee is easier to grow and has higher levels of caffeine (which acts as a natural insect repellant). It is typically used in instant coffee and as a filler in dark roasts. There are some very good Robusta coffees, but this variety is usually seen as lower quality.

Liberica and Excelsa are both relatively rare coffee beans.

You can grow a coffee plant in your apartment, but don’t expect it to produce coffee cherries. Coffee plants are trees that yield mature harvests only after 4-7 years of attentive cultivation.[2]

There are lots of different coffee brewing styles (e.g., drip, pour over, cold brew, espresso, ristretto). Capsule coffee is a rising trend. More than 40% of U.S. households own an espresso pod machine. The global market for coffee pod and capsule machines is expected to double by 2025.

There is also a wide variety of coffee drink types (e.g., espresso, americano, cappuccino, flat white, affogato, iced coffee) but we won’t get into those.

How Coffee is Made

When coffee cherries are picked, the beans are removed either through a “dry” or “wet” process. The dry process involves leaving the beans in the sun to dry and then running them through a grinder. In the wet process, you use water to wash the fruit away from the seed. The “green” coffee beans are then “cleaned” (inspected and sorted) and then roasted.

A (Brief) History of Coffee

Four hundred years ago, coffee was a “mysterious Ottoman custom” cultivated commercially only in Yemen.[3] Now it is an “unrivalled work drug” and a ubiquitous daily necessity.[4] It is also a cash crop produced by more than 25 million people in over 70 countries.[5]

The word coffee derives from the Arabic “qahwah”, meaning wine: coffee is the wine of Islam.[6] Early coffee cultivation took place in the sixteenth century on the hillsides of Yemen.[7] The Ottoman empire set up a coffeehouse as one of its first actions after conquering a new city, to demonstrate the civility of their rule.[8]

Coffee became a European luxury in the seventeenth century as Europeans brought the tradition back from visits in the Middle East. Coffee was especially popular in England. The first coffeehouse in London was established in the early 1650s, but by the turn of the 18th century there were several hundred coffeehouses there.[9]

British traders had more success trading for tea than coffee, which is one reason that England is today associated more with tea than coffee.[10]

Arab traders in Yemen monopolized coffee production until 1699, when the Dutch successfully introduced coffee to Java.[11]After that, coffee spread around the world through pathways of empire and slavery.[12] After the Dutch, the French colonial administrators took coffee to Africa. Then the Dutch introduced coffee to Suriname. Then a Portuguese official smuggled coffee from French Guiana to Brazil. The British began cultivating coffee in Jamaica and the Spanish established coffee in Cuba. By the end of the 18th century coffee was virtually everywhere in the Americas.[13]

The Coffee Industry

The total value of the global coffee industry was $465.9 billion in 2020 (this was a huge jump from 2019). 10.21 million bags of coffee were exported in 2020.

People around the world drink coffee, but the Aussies may be the most committed market. Even though the U.S. population is 12x the Australian population, the Australian coffee market ($7.8 billion) is more than half as much as the U.S. coffee market ($14 billion).

The world’s top coffee exporters include: Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia, Honduras, and Indonesia. Canada’s top coffee supplying countries are Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Nicaragua, Guatemala, and Mexico.

Around 125 million people globally depend on coffee for their livelihoods. Unlike some commodities, which are grown on large plantations, small coffee farms proliferate: smallholder farmers produce 80% of the world’s coffee.

Like other agricultural commodities, farmworkers receive very little of the value added from coffee. Coffee farmers typically earn only 7-10% of the retail price of coffee. The rest goes to traders, roasters, and retailers downstream.

In part, this has to do with the concentration of coffee buying and processing. Three coffee buyers control half of the global coffee trade (ECOM, Neumann and Volcafe). And 40% of coffee is processed by the ten largest coffee roasters, including Nestlé and Jacobs Douwe Egbers (JDE).

There is an interest in making the coffee industry fairer. Consumer research has found that 53% of U.S. coffee drinkers want to buy ethical coffee and are willing to pay $1.31 extra for a cup of coffee produced by a cooperative farmer.


Episode 56 - Ethical Coffee

Coffee beans are the inner seed from the “cherry” of the coffea plant, which is native to Ethiopia.[1] Coffee is the world’s second most tradable commodity, after crude oil. There are four primary types of coffee: Arabica (coffea arabica), Robusta (coffea caniphora), Liberica (coffea liberica), and Exelsa (coffea liberica var. dewervrei).

Arabica is the most common type of coffee consumed in North America. Arabica beans are sweet less acidic in flavour than Robusta beans. They are farmed in areas with high elevations above sea level and where rain is prevalent. Arabica plants are delicate and prone to disease, which makes it challenging to grow in large quantities.

Robusta beans are most popular in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. It is not generally very popular because it can taste burnt or rubbery. But Robusta coffee is easier to grow and has higher levels of caffeine (which acts as a natural insect repellant). It is typically used in instant coffee and as a filler in dark roasts. There are some very good Robusta coffees, but this variety is usually seen as lower quality.

Liberica and Excelsa are both relatively rare coffee beans.

You can grow a coffee plant in your apartment, but don’t expect it to produce coffee cherries. Coffee plants are trees that yield mature harvests only after 4-7 years of attentive cultivation.[2]

There are lots of different coffee brewing styles (e.g., drip, pour over, cold brew, espresso, ristretto). Capsule coffee is a rising trend. More than 40% of U.S. households own an espresso pod machine. The global market for coffee pod and capsule machines is expected to double by 2025.

There is also a wide variety of coffee drink types (e.g., espresso, americano, cappuccino, flat white, affogato, iced coffee) but we won’t get into those.

How Coffee is Made

When coffee cherries are picked, the beans are removed either through a “dry” or “wet” process. The dry process involves leaving the beans in the sun to dry and then running them through a grinder. In the wet process, you use water to wash the fruit away from the seed. The “green” coffee beans are then “cleaned” (inspected and sorted) and then roasted.

A (Brief) History of Coffee

Four hundred years ago, coffee was a “mysterious Ottoman custom” cultivated commercially only in Yemen.[3] Now it is an “unrivalled work drug” and a ubiquitous daily necessity.[4] It is also a cash crop produced by more than 25 million people in over 70 countries.[5]

The word coffee derives from the Arabic “qahwah”, meaning wine: coffee is the wine of Islam.[6] Early coffee cultivation took place in the sixteenth century on the hillsides of Yemen.[7] The Ottoman empire set up a coffeehouse as one of its first actions after conquering a new city, to demonstrate the civility of their rule.[8]

Coffee became a European luxury in the seventeenth century as Europeans brought the tradition back from visits in the Middle East. Coffee was especially popular in England. The first coffeehouse in London was established in the early 1650s, but by the turn of the 18th century there were several hundred coffeehouses there.[9]

British traders had more success trading for tea than coffee, which is one reason that England is today associated more with tea than coffee.[10]

Arab traders in Yemen monopolized coffee production until 1699, when the Dutch successfully introduced coffee to Java.[11]After that, coffee spread around the world through pathways of empire and slavery.[12] After the Dutch, the French colonial administrators took coffee to Africa. Then the Dutch introduced coffee to Suriname. Then a Portuguese official smuggled coffee from French Guiana to Brazil. The British began cultivating coffee in Jamaica and the Spanish established coffee in Cuba. By the end of the 18th century coffee was virtually everywhere in the Americas.[13]

The Coffee Industry

The total value of the global coffee industry was $465.9 billion in 2020 (this was a huge jump from 2019). 10.21 million bags of coffee were exported in 2020.

People around the world drink coffee, but the Aussies may be the most committed market. Even though the U.S. population is 12x the Australian population, the Australian coffee market ($7.8 billion) is more than half as much as the U.S. coffee market ($14 billion).

The world’s top coffee exporters include: Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia, Honduras, and Indonesia. Canada’s top coffee supplying countries are Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Nicaragua, Guatemala, and Mexico.

Around 125 million people globally depend on coffee for their livelihoods. Unlike some commodities, which are grown on large plantations, small coffee farms proliferate: smallholder farmers produce 80% of the world’s coffee.

Like other agricultural commodities, farmworkers receive very little of the value added from coffee. Coffee farmers typically earn only 7-10% of the retail price of coffee. The rest goes to traders, roasters, and retailers downstream.

In part, this has to do with the concentration of coffee buying and processing. Three coffee buyers control half of the global coffee trade (ECOM, Neumann and Volcafe). And 40% of coffee is processed by the ten largest coffee roasters, including Nestlé and Jacobs Douwe Egbers (JDE).

There is an interest in making the coffee industry fairer. Consumer research has found that 53% of U.S. coffee drinkers want to buy ethical coffee and are willing to pay $1.31 extra for a cup of coffee produced by a cooperative farmer.


Episode 56 - Ethical Coffee

Coffee beans are the inner seed from the “cherry” of the coffea plant, which is native to Ethiopia.[1] Coffee is the world’s second most tradable commodity, after crude oil. There are four primary types of coffee: Arabica (coffea arabica), Robusta (coffea caniphora), Liberica (coffea liberica), and Exelsa (coffea liberica var. dewervrei).

Arabica is the most common type of coffee consumed in North America. Arabica beans are sweet less acidic in flavour than Robusta beans. They are farmed in areas with high elevations above sea level and where rain is prevalent. Arabica plants are delicate and prone to disease, which makes it challenging to grow in large quantities.

Robusta beans are most popular in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. It is not generally very popular because it can taste burnt or rubbery. But Robusta coffee is easier to grow and has higher levels of caffeine (which acts as a natural insect repellant). It is typically used in instant coffee and as a filler in dark roasts. There are some very good Robusta coffees, but this variety is usually seen as lower quality.

Liberica and Excelsa are both relatively rare coffee beans.

You can grow a coffee plant in your apartment, but don’t expect it to produce coffee cherries. Coffee plants are trees that yield mature harvests only after 4-7 years of attentive cultivation.[2]

There are lots of different coffee brewing styles (e.g., drip, pour over, cold brew, espresso, ristretto). Capsule coffee is a rising trend. More than 40% of U.S. households own an espresso pod machine. The global market for coffee pod and capsule machines is expected to double by 2025.

There is also a wide variety of coffee drink types (e.g., espresso, americano, cappuccino, flat white, affogato, iced coffee) but we won’t get into those.

How Coffee is Made

When coffee cherries are picked, the beans are removed either through a “dry” or “wet” process. The dry process involves leaving the beans in the sun to dry and then running them through a grinder. In the wet process, you use water to wash the fruit away from the seed. The “green” coffee beans are then “cleaned” (inspected and sorted) and then roasted.

A (Brief) History of Coffee

Four hundred years ago, coffee was a “mysterious Ottoman custom” cultivated commercially only in Yemen.[3] Now it is an “unrivalled work drug” and a ubiquitous daily necessity.[4] It is also a cash crop produced by more than 25 million people in over 70 countries.[5]

The word coffee derives from the Arabic “qahwah”, meaning wine: coffee is the wine of Islam.[6] Early coffee cultivation took place in the sixteenth century on the hillsides of Yemen.[7] The Ottoman empire set up a coffeehouse as one of its first actions after conquering a new city, to demonstrate the civility of their rule.[8]

Coffee became a European luxury in the seventeenth century as Europeans brought the tradition back from visits in the Middle East. Coffee was especially popular in England. The first coffeehouse in London was established in the early 1650s, but by the turn of the 18th century there were several hundred coffeehouses there.[9]

British traders had more success trading for tea than coffee, which is one reason that England is today associated more with tea than coffee.[10]

Arab traders in Yemen monopolized coffee production until 1699, when the Dutch successfully introduced coffee to Java.[11]After that, coffee spread around the world through pathways of empire and slavery.[12] After the Dutch, the French colonial administrators took coffee to Africa. Then the Dutch introduced coffee to Suriname. Then a Portuguese official smuggled coffee from French Guiana to Brazil. The British began cultivating coffee in Jamaica and the Spanish established coffee in Cuba. By the end of the 18th century coffee was virtually everywhere in the Americas.[13]

The Coffee Industry

The total value of the global coffee industry was $465.9 billion in 2020 (this was a huge jump from 2019). 10.21 million bags of coffee were exported in 2020.

People around the world drink coffee, but the Aussies may be the most committed market. Even though the U.S. population is 12x the Australian population, the Australian coffee market ($7.8 billion) is more than half as much as the U.S. coffee market ($14 billion).

The world’s top coffee exporters include: Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia, Honduras, and Indonesia. Canada’s top coffee supplying countries are Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Nicaragua, Guatemala, and Mexico.

Around 125 million people globally depend on coffee for their livelihoods. Unlike some commodities, which are grown on large plantations, small coffee farms proliferate: smallholder farmers produce 80% of the world’s coffee.

Like other agricultural commodities, farmworkers receive very little of the value added from coffee. Coffee farmers typically earn only 7-10% of the retail price of coffee. The rest goes to traders, roasters, and retailers downstream.

In part, this has to do with the concentration of coffee buying and processing. Three coffee buyers control half of the global coffee trade (ECOM, Neumann and Volcafe). And 40% of coffee is processed by the ten largest coffee roasters, including Nestlé and Jacobs Douwe Egbers (JDE).

There is an interest in making the coffee industry fairer. Consumer research has found that 53% of U.S. coffee drinkers want to buy ethical coffee and are willing to pay $1.31 extra for a cup of coffee produced by a cooperative farmer.


Episode 56 - Ethical Coffee

Coffee beans are the inner seed from the “cherry” of the coffea plant, which is native to Ethiopia.[1] Coffee is the world’s second most tradable commodity, after crude oil. There are four primary types of coffee: Arabica (coffea arabica), Robusta (coffea caniphora), Liberica (coffea liberica), and Exelsa (coffea liberica var. dewervrei).

Arabica is the most common type of coffee consumed in North America. Arabica beans are sweet less acidic in flavour than Robusta beans. They are farmed in areas with high elevations above sea level and where rain is prevalent. Arabica plants are delicate and prone to disease, which makes it challenging to grow in large quantities.

Robusta beans are most popular in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. It is not generally very popular because it can taste burnt or rubbery. But Robusta coffee is easier to grow and has higher levels of caffeine (which acts as a natural insect repellant). It is typically used in instant coffee and as a filler in dark roasts. There are some very good Robusta coffees, but this variety is usually seen as lower quality.

Liberica and Excelsa are both relatively rare coffee beans.

You can grow a coffee plant in your apartment, but don’t expect it to produce coffee cherries. Coffee plants are trees that yield mature harvests only after 4-7 years of attentive cultivation.[2]

There are lots of different coffee brewing styles (e.g., drip, pour over, cold brew, espresso, ristretto). Capsule coffee is a rising trend. More than 40% of U.S. households own an espresso pod machine. The global market for coffee pod and capsule machines is expected to double by 2025.

There is also a wide variety of coffee drink types (e.g., espresso, americano, cappuccino, flat white, affogato, iced coffee) but we won’t get into those.

How Coffee is Made

When coffee cherries are picked, the beans are removed either through a “dry” or “wet” process. The dry process involves leaving the beans in the sun to dry and then running them through a grinder. In the wet process, you use water to wash the fruit away from the seed. The “green” coffee beans are then “cleaned” (inspected and sorted) and then roasted.

A (Brief) History of Coffee

Four hundred years ago, coffee was a “mysterious Ottoman custom” cultivated commercially only in Yemen.[3] Now it is an “unrivalled work drug” and a ubiquitous daily necessity.[4] It is also a cash crop produced by more than 25 million people in over 70 countries.[5]

The word coffee derives from the Arabic “qahwah”, meaning wine: coffee is the wine of Islam.[6] Early coffee cultivation took place in the sixteenth century on the hillsides of Yemen.[7] The Ottoman empire set up a coffeehouse as one of its first actions after conquering a new city, to demonstrate the civility of their rule.[8]

Coffee became a European luxury in the seventeenth century as Europeans brought the tradition back from visits in the Middle East. Coffee was especially popular in England. The first coffeehouse in London was established in the early 1650s, but by the turn of the 18th century there were several hundred coffeehouses there.[9]

British traders had more success trading for tea than coffee, which is one reason that England is today associated more with tea than coffee.[10]

Arab traders in Yemen monopolized coffee production until 1699, when the Dutch successfully introduced coffee to Java.[11]After that, coffee spread around the world through pathways of empire and slavery.[12] After the Dutch, the French colonial administrators took coffee to Africa. Then the Dutch introduced coffee to Suriname. Then a Portuguese official smuggled coffee from French Guiana to Brazil. The British began cultivating coffee in Jamaica and the Spanish established coffee in Cuba. By the end of the 18th century coffee was virtually everywhere in the Americas.[13]

The Coffee Industry

The total value of the global coffee industry was $465.9 billion in 2020 (this was a huge jump from 2019). 10.21 million bags of coffee were exported in 2020.

People around the world drink coffee, but the Aussies may be the most committed market. Even though the U.S. population is 12x the Australian population, the Australian coffee market ($7.8 billion) is more than half as much as the U.S. coffee market ($14 billion).

The world’s top coffee exporters include: Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia, Honduras, and Indonesia. Canada’s top coffee supplying countries are Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Nicaragua, Guatemala, and Mexico.

Around 125 million people globally depend on coffee for their livelihoods. Unlike some commodities, which are grown on large plantations, small coffee farms proliferate: smallholder farmers produce 80% of the world’s coffee.

Like other agricultural commodities, farmworkers receive very little of the value added from coffee. Coffee farmers typically earn only 7-10% of the retail price of coffee. The rest goes to traders, roasters, and retailers downstream.

In part, this has to do with the concentration of coffee buying and processing. Three coffee buyers control half of the global coffee trade (ECOM, Neumann and Volcafe). And 40% of coffee is processed by the ten largest coffee roasters, including Nestlé and Jacobs Douwe Egbers (JDE).

There is an interest in making the coffee industry fairer. Consumer research has found that 53% of U.S. coffee drinkers want to buy ethical coffee and are willing to pay $1.31 extra for a cup of coffee produced by a cooperative farmer.


Kyk die video: Chase Doughnut Plant The Ripple Effect (Augustus 2022).